16. ADEQUATE SOCIAL PROTECTION

STRATEGIC APPROACH

1. Do social security systems aim to provide coverage to the maximum amount of citizens, while remaining within affordable fiscal boundaries?

2. Is social spending targeted actively at supporting employability and re-entry to the workforce as soon as possible?

3. Is government 'buy-in' unambiguously assured?

4. Is social security a policy response largely driven by donors and NGOs?

5. To what extent does government use infrastructure projects as a means of income support for low-income groups?

6. Are social protection interventions targeted at those most in need?

7. Are social protection interventions effectively planned in a strategic fashion and do not place an unfair burden on the current and future working population?

8. Have schemes like conditional cash transfer (CCTs) programmes proven to be efficient and effective responses?

SOCIAL SECURITY COSTS

9. Are social security systems and policies a barrier to employment, or a burden on the competitiveness of businesses?

10. Should improved governance, administration, and management of social protection systems be a priority?

11. Do poor administrative and financial management of social security systems lead to leakages and corruption?

CHOICE

12. Does national policy provide citizens with a choice between individual responsibility and solidarity, and additionally provide a broad variety of instruments and means of delivery – public, private, informally, and community based?

EFFICIENCY

13. Is there evidence of social protection duplication (particular types of beneficiaries being targeted by two or more different agencies) and exclusion (deserving individuals and families being missed entirely from all types of social transfer)?

14. Does the so-called 'elite capture', whereby social transfers are steered towards relatives and friends of political leaders rather than the most needy, exist?

15. Are there innovative approaches to providing social security to those in the informal economy, without placing the cost burden solely on the formalized economy?

EXTERNAL PRESSURES

16. What will demographic changes mean for social security systems?

17. What pressures will it place on existing systems?

18. What new responses will be needed?

19. What pressures do sudden changes in commodity prices (like fuel and food) place on social security systems?