10. FAIR COMPETITION

COMPETITION

1. Are there entry and exit barriers to new enterprises, such as state monopolies or state licences?

2. Is there a culture of competition?

3. Are there effective anti-trust laws?

4. Does the government effectively promote market competition and avoid protectionist measures?

5. Is there a national competition watchdog?

TAX POLICY

6. Is taxation used to stimulate one area of economic activity (e.g. through tax incentives) or does it instead limit it (e.g. by putting a duty on imports to reduce foreign competition)?

7. Does taxation policy play an effective role in promoting private sector expenditure and investment in innovation?

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D)

8. Is public investment in R&D a priority (e.g. through tax credits and by promoting investment in R&D in association with public procurement)?

9. Do national enterprise agencies provide particular support to "innovation-oriented" entrepreneurs?

10. Does the government provide assistance to enterprises to maintain R&D?

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

11. To what extent are intellectual property rights defined and respected?

WAGES

12. Is there currently a national wage policy?

  • What role does the EO play?

13. Do wages reflect labour market realities?

14. Have increases in the cost of labour exceeded productivity growth?

15. Is there minimum wage legislation (MWL) in place?

  • If so, does this play a negative or positive role?

16. Are minimum wages at all times carefully considered with due regard to their impacts on job creation?

17. In terms of entry into the labour market for certain groups of workers (e.g. young workers, disabled workers) does minimum wage legislation act as an incentive?

18. Are there mechanisms in place for adjusting MWL, i.e. regular reviews?

19. Is equal pay legislation in place to guarantee equal pay for work of equal value so as to reduce wage discrimination against women workers?

PRODUCTIVITY

20. Are there effective institutions that monitor productivity levels and feed related information into the national policy discourse?

21. Are there government assistance programmes to help improve productivity?

INFORMAL ACTIVITY

22. Are enterprises in the informal sector seen as a major source of unfair competition?

23. Are formal enterprises increasingly adopting 'informal elements' into their mainstream commercial activities?

SUPPLY CHAINS

24. Are supply chains facilitating productivity gains by the domestic sector?

25. Any examples (for domestic producers) of significant increases in sales, reduced transaction costs, better control of product quality and safety, and better access to technology, capital, and knowledge?